2045 Population & Employment Forecasts

Forecasts for population and employment for the NJTPA region
are included in
Plan 2045.

Download: Table of 2045 Population & Employment (Excel)

Population Growth by County

Regional Trends

  • The region’s population will grow from 6.7 million to 7.7 million by 2045 (+17%), requiring additional housing, jobs and transportation.
  • The number of people employed in the region will increase from 3 million to 3.4 million by 2045 (+13%), leading more people to rely on transit for their commutes.
  • Fewer young people are driving, instead they rely on mass transit (vehicle miles traveled per capital by 16-34 year olds is down 23%) placing further demand on a system that is already operating close to capacity.
  • The region’s transportation infrastructure is aging. By 2045, many of the nearly 4,900 bridges in the region will be nearing the end of their life expectancy, requiring a significant investment to maintain these critical connectors.
  • The region remains vulnerable to severe weather events and this will worsen as sea levels rise. By 2100, overall sea level is expected to rise 6.6 feet making it more important than ever to make the transportation system more resilient.
  • The need to advance new trans-Hudson rail tunnels remains a top priority. Nearly 238,000 residents in the region commute by bus or train to New York City and that is expected to increase significantly by 2045.